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Rails allows us to use different databases
database.yml config file.
It uses sqlite3 as the default database when a new Rails app is created.
But it is also possible to use different databases such as MySQL or PostgreSQL.
The contents of
database.yml change as per the database. Also each database
has a different adapter. We need to include the gems
Before Rails 6, it was not possible to change the contents of
automatically. But now a command has been added
to do this automatically.
Let's say our app has started with sqlite and now we have to switch to MySQL.
1$ rails db:system:change --to=mysql 2 conflict config/database.yml 3Overwrite /Users/prathamesh/Projects/reproductions/squish_app/config/database.yml? (enter "h" for help) [Ynaqdhm] Y 4 force config/database.yml 5 gsub Gemfile 6 gsub Gemfile
database.yml is now changed to contain the configuration for MySQL database and
Gemfile also gets updated automatically with addition of
mysql2 gem in place of
This command also takes care of using proper gem versions in the Gemfile when the database backend is changed.